OS POSITIVOS

antes dos tractores

Ficámos de: a economia digital destronou a economia material pelos exemplos maiores de "gigantes que fazem rodar o mundo", ponta de iceberg dos interesses abaixo de tona. Mas divaguemos. Primeiro pun: quão paradigmático que o expoente máximo do capitalismo na transição do valor de uso para o valor de troca seja o nada, zeros e uns, NTFs by-any-other-name; pun segundo: bastava acordarem uma manhã e fazer logout para tudo ruir. À revolta senhores, ancinhos ao ar!

As manifestações dos nossos agricultores convida-nos a recuperar episódios passados. Na wiki encontram uma timeline de revoluções de camponeses, nessa assinaladas o sucesso e insucesso de cada. A larga maioria falha intentos. O seu sucesso dependeu sempre de alianças às elites, aquelas que não encontraram patrocínio numa concorrente à instalada nunca tiveram outra recompensa se não procissão da vergonha, queima na praça pública e cabeça no espeto. Que a UE reveja legislação (e qual) quando os nossos aggro tomam as estradas é-nos indicativo que elites se chocam na instrumentalização do descontentamento. Repetimos uma outra vez o medieval-feudal que cremos ter o potencial aproximado (como em "que se segue") à nossa História, com o twist que nunca é exactamente igual.

Significant and ultimately world-shaking changes were taking place in Europe — changes in politics, intellectual life and ideology and, underlying these, changes in the ways millions of people obtained a living.
in "A People's History of the World" 2008

Américas invadidas, renascença de ideias nas artes, literatura, ciência, as universidades tentam voltar a ser algo mais que fábricas escolásticas de papers para ranking internacional ver, o latim levanta as saias para descobrir dialéticos e línguas vivas a saltitar por todo o lado, reis consolidam domínios, ensaiam absolutismos, oligarquias de mercadores beliscam em importância nobres e clérigos, a religião é ameaçada por dentro. Demoramos-nos nesta porque a religião espiritual de então cumpria o equivalente à religião (i)material de hoje: capitalismo, uma fé que tudo cobre, absolutamente. Protesto, protestantismo:

Luther began with theological arguments [...] but the Catholic church had been such a central part of medieval society that the issues could not avoid being social and political. Effectively, what Luther did was challenge the institution that exercised ideological control on behalf of the whole feudal order. Those who benefited from that ideological control were bound to fight back. Disputes over these issues were to plunge most of Europe into a succession of wars and civil wars over the next century and a quarter.
in "A People's History of the World" 2008

Se necessário recordar: o Lutero alinhou com as elites contra os camponeses quando esses tentaram a lógica das suas ideias: "Better the death of all the peasants than of princes and magistrates" escreveu este ensaísta.

Os efeitos acumulados ao longo de séculos de pequenas inovações acabariam por permitir o surgimento de uma nova economia, além-subsistência, criando um mercado (rudimentar) e fomentar tensões que teriam de tender bruscamente para um qualquer lado. Senhores, ao mashup:

the lords and monarchs required money on a massive scale

The feudal economy and feudal society were giving birth to something new. The production of things to sell—to exchange for gold or silver which in turn could be exchanged for other things—was increasingly prevalent. Over time, this would transform the world of work entirely, so that it ceased to be about meeting human needs and became simply a means by which those with money could make more money. There was frenzied money making among the rich of the country and town alike. Money was becoming the measure of everything. Yet the official values of society were still those embodied in the hierarchy of the old feudalism. The church had been absolutely central to the medieval values. Yet the church itself was afflicted by the gold lust.
in "A People's History of the World" 2008

Nota: para uma história do $$$ recomendamos o "Dívida, os primeiros 5000 anos" do David Graeber que não martelámos o suficiente por aqui.

Seguindo,

The market had another effect. It transformed the conditions under which millions lived. The impact of technical change and new market relations between people within feudalism led to a ‘mixed society’—‘market feudalism’—in which there was an intertwining but also a clash between capitalist and feudal ways of acting and thinking.

The superimposition of the structures of the market on the structures of feudalism led to the mass of people suffering from the defects of both. An expanding superstructure of ruling class consumption was destabilising a base of peasant production—and society was increasingly driven to a new period of crisis in which it was torn between going forward and going backward. Every class in society felt confused as a result, and every class looked to its old religious beliefs for reassurance, only to find the church itself beset by the confusion.
in "A People's History of the World" 2008

Again, equivalemos a então religião do espírito ao espírito da nova religião que todos crucifica agora. A nova-nova economia baralha e dá de novo, à confusão acresçam o muito material & real colapso do clima global, também esse um actor repetido na nossa História, catalisador do caos. Ao caos, senhores!

diferentes iguais